The three groups are a Phosphate Group, a Pentose Sugar (five-sided or five-carbon sugar), and a Nitrogen Base. Nucleotides - when chemists broke up nucleic acids … Hence proteins are not homopolymers. Nucleic acids are polymers. The monomer units of nucleic acids are called nucleotides. Up Next. For polynucleic acids (DNA/RNA), the monomers are nucleotides, each of which is made of a pentose sugar, a nitrogenous base and a phosphate group. This is the currently selected item. In the case of nucleic acids, the monomers which make up the polymers – the nucleic acids DNA and RNA themselves – are the following: uracil, guanine, cytosine, adenine, thymine. Each of these macromolecules carries all or part of the genetic code for a cell. Central dogma. Biology is brought to you with support from the Amgen Foundation. One gene, one enzyme. Each is made up of nucleotides. Nucleic Acid Monomer (Nucleotide) Phosphate Group. Nucleic acids contain the same elements as proteins: carbon, hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen; plus phosphorous (C, H, O, N, and P).Nucleic acids are very large macromolecules composed of repetitive units of the same building blocks, nucleotides, similar to a pearl necklace made of many pearls.We can also define nucleic acids as polymers assembled from many smaller covalently bonded monomers. Two examples of nucleic acids are deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA), and ribonucleic acid (RNA). Nucleotides. It also directs cell activities by providing instructions for building proteins. Nucleic acids are polymers, just as proteins are polymers. But instead of being assembled from amino acids, nucleic acids are made up of monomers called _____. In nucleic acids the monomer is the nucleotide; The bond that holds them together is the phosphodiester bond . Biology is brought to you with support from the. Each nucleotide is composed of three parts: a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. Next lesson. The monomer of nucleic acids consists of a _____ base and a _____ group. Sort by: Top Voted. Transcription. _____ is a process of breaking down sugar, such as glucose, to produce cellular energy. The monomers that make up nucleic acids are called nucleotides, which composed of three parts. There are two types of nucleic acids:-Ribonucleic acid (RNA) and Deoxyribonucleic acid (DNA) Ribonucleotides are monomers of RNA and Deoxyribonucleotides are monomers of DNA. Nucleic acids are polymers of individual nucleotide monomers. Usually about 20 types of amino acid monomers are used to produce proteins. DNA (deoxyribonucleic acid) _____ provides directions for its own replication. One nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar, a phosphate group and a nitogen base. Nucleic acids. Nucleotide monomers are found in the cell nucleus. Nucleic acid structure . Only two 5-carbon sugars are found in nature: ribose and deoxyribose. Nitrogen Base. 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