Food and Aquaculture Organization of the United Nations, Cultured Aquatic Species Information Programme: Catla catla (Hamilton, 1822), 10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-4.RLTS.T166425A6206451.en, http://www.fao.org/fishery/culturedspecies/Catla_catla/en, Development of freshwater fish farming and poverty alleviation - A case study from Bangladesh, http://en.bdfish.org/2010/02/catla-catla-catla-hamilton-1822/, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Catla&oldid=987790743, Articles containing Bengali-language text, Taxonbars with automatically added original combinations, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. About 41.24% of all known fish species occur in freshwater. Two pairs of nostrils present. There is no barbell. It is grown in polyculture ponds with other carp-like fishes, particularly with the roho labeo (Labeo rohita) and mrigal carp. Buds can be seen on the pectoral fins. The catla was formerly listed as the only species in the genus Catla, but this was a synonym of the genus Gibelion. The ratio between the total length and the length of the base of the dorsal fin is 5.4: 1. 2003. This fish is fast-growing and can grow up to four kg in one year and ten kg in two years if it gets sufficient food. At the base of the caudal fin, there is a dull yellow pigment. The lower lip is slightly thicker and is located below the upper lip. A distinctly crescent-shaped light black structure is present on each caudal fin lobe at the base of the caudal fins. It is known by many different names such as Katla, Katol, Indian Major carp, Chepti, Baudhekra, Bacha, Karakatla and Tambra. The edges of the lips are thick. They begin to vibrate horizontally. Black chromatophores can be seen in the lateral line. There is a reddish spot all around eyes with a dark black center. Black spots of two specific chromatophores exist in the caudal peduncle. In this article, we will discuss about the Catla calta and its life history.Systematic PositionPhylum: ChordataSub phylum: […] Embryonic pelvic and dorsal fin folds exist. Fig. The dorsal fin is separated from the embryonic fold, Fig. 4832).Surface and mid-water feeders, mainly omnivorous with juveniles feeding on aquatic and terrestrial insects, detritus and phytoplankton. There are 17 fin rays in the dorsal fin. The chromatophores form a black triangular structure below sharply curved notochords. At this time the length of the fish is 30 mm. At this time the larvae are 7.3 mm long. Apart from that, they are accustomed to pick and eat small food particles. are taken as a supplementary food. A reddish color spot is seen on the anal vertebrae. Home; Deal of the Day; Fresh Catla fish back is more convex than their belly area. Fig. Eating oil-rich Catla fish regularly can help to keep the eyes bright and healthy. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; 18-20; P2. Fig. [6], For other fishes known as Indian and Bangladeshi carp, see. Bangladeshher Matshya Sampad (in Bangali). The dorsal fin has 3/16 rays. When 17 myotomes are seen, the clusters of yolk spread up to the tail region. The caudal fin rays are covered by yellow pigment. Fig. 2005. An adult fish can lay 1.5-2.0 lac eggs. Table: Different stages of larval life of Catla, Length to the rear end of the notochord (mm). This fish is very wide in proportion to its body length, its head and mouth are quite large. pp. Fig. 2nd edition. 394. Post larva of Catla catla: 7th days after hatching. These light black long markings are seen in the triangular area of the caudal peduncle. Fig. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; Larva of Catla catla: 48th  hours after hatching. The anterior part is reddish and the posterior part is long. A series of black chromatophores are seen behind the eyes that extend from the pelvic region to the caudal peduncle. On an average, a female catla fish contains about 2 … Black chromatophores are widespread throughout the body. The maximum length of Catla fish can be up to 1.80 m. Catla fish can weigh up to a maximum of 45-50 kg. amzn_assoc_title = "Shop Your Products"; It reaches up to 182 cm (6.0 ft) in length and 38.6 kg (85 lb) in weight.[2]. They do not lay eggs in stagnant water, but they lay eggs in relatively shallow water and in flowing rivers. No chromatophore was observed. It is … The body color is yellowish on the dorsal side above the yolk sac. amzn_assoc_search_bar_position = "bottom"; Eggs are light red in color with 4.5-5.4 mm in diameter. However, according to Shafi and Quddus (2001), there is still a tendency to eat from noon to evening. At this time 15 fin rays are seen on the dorsal fin. Catla (Labeo catla), (Bengali: কাতলা, romanized: kâtlâ) also known as the major South Asian carp, is an economically important South Asian freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae. Journal of Indian Fisheries Society of India. The bulbous and slender parts of the yolk are of equal lengths, like a Mrigel fish. amzn_assoc_default_category = "PCHardware"; The length of the fish is 16.5 mm. Catla fish accounts for 18% of the total pond production in Bangladesh. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "Tablets"; Dorsal and ventral  embryonic folds are present and do not contain chromatophores. Such pores are also seen in Mrigel fish. There are big size scales in the body. The anal fins are connected by 7 rays. The tail fins are of the spatulate type. There is a star-shaped black chromatophore above the head. The length of the fish is 23 mm. They usually lay eggs in May-June. Large-sized Catla prefers to eat plankton both Phytoplankton and zooplankton (Natarajan and Jhingran, 1961; Jhingran, 1991). amzn_assoc_asins = "B00DQZ64YC,B004WYX4AS,B000A38F3Q,B000A2KAXU,B002C014JW,B0000ANHSZ,B002R0F9LG,B0012M2O90,B007HJFVNI"; The movement of the larvae is fast. Locally-produced fresh fish fetches about one and half times higher market price than iced-fish. The dorsal side of these chromatophores is yellow. 2nd and 3rd cleavage occur every 10 minutes. ATM Publications, 38/3, Banglabazar, Dhaka. Buds are not seen on the pectoral fins. The maximum depth of the body is in front of the dorsal fin. Behind this region, there are two crescent-shaped black condensed areas at the origin of the caudal fin. Body short and deep, somewhat laterally compressed, its depth more than head length; head very large, its depth exceeding half the head length; body with conspicuously large cycloid scales, head devoid of scales; snout bluntly rounded; eyes large and visible from underside of the head; mouth wide and upturn… amzn_assoc_linkid = "df6e3e2dfb2223ece0caaeddeb1e4806"; The chromatophores of these marks are equally wide. Buds exist in pelvic fins. amzn_assoc_title = "Shop Your Products"; Catla eats more phytoplankton than zooplankton. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; There are two crescent-shaped black chromatophores at the beginning of the origin of the caudal fin rays. amzn_assoc_search_bar_position = "bottom"; The larvae are externally bright yellow in color and the head region is dark green in color. A few black chromatophores are seen on the dorsal side of the posterior myotome and yolk sac. However, there is no chromatophore above the head. Catla fish mouth is big compared to other Indian carp. The swimbladder is divided into two parts. There is a thin embryonic fins fold that starts from the tip of the pelvic fin and ends at the anal fin. The lateral line organ is complete. In Nepal and in neighbouring Indian regions up to Odisha, it is called Bhakura. Fig. Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "13900871"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Post larva of Catla catla: 6th days after hatching. Catla is a fish with large and broad head, a large protruding lower jaw, and upturned mouth. amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Post larva of Catla catla: 96th hours after hatching. However, small black spots of pigment are spread on it. The membrane is present between the pelvic and anal region. It is colorless but orange pigmentation can be noticed in some places on the dorsal part of the fins. The most notable freshwater fish species are Rohu, Catla, Mrigal, etc. Post larva of Catla catla: 5th The front of the yolk is not concave. amzn_assoc_default_search_phrase = "shoes"; These crescent-shaped structures form black color by adding chromatophores. The length of the fish is 12.5 mm. The pectoral fin does not reach the pelvic fins but the pelvic extends to the anal fin. Each 100 grams of catla fish contains 16.4 grams of protein, 2.6 grams of fat, 514 milligrams of calcium and 214 milligrams of phosphorus. When cultivating in the pond, fish meal, mustard oil cake, rice corn, etc. They rest on the side of the dwelling and rarely come to the surface. The ratio of the total length and the length of the base of the dorsal fin is 5:1. India, Misc. 345. There is no chromatophore at the membranous junction of the caudal peduncle and the caudal fin. (2017). Catla (Labeo catla), (Bengali: কাতলা, romanized: kâtlâ) also known as the major South Asian carp, is an economically important South Asian freshwater fish in the carp family Cyprinidae. The body is golden yellow. Segmentation begins 35-40 minutes after the fertilization of eggs. They rest on the side of the dwelling. Catla attains sexual maturity at an average age of two years and an average weight of 2 kg. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The formation of the first scales begins from the back of the operculum. The length of the fish is 19 mm. Each pair is located at the top of the front of the eye. The caudal fin of the Catla is more forked than the mrigel fish. The caudal fin has 32 rays, of which the dorsal and ventral margins of the first 7 fin rays are unbranched. Table: Percentage of food intake at different stages of life of Catla catla, Data source: (1) Mohanty (2003); (2) Natarajan and Jhingran (1961). Publ., Occas. There is a black pigment in the form of a line at the edge of the fins, but it is not as obvious as the dorsal fins. It also contains 563 IU of vitamin A. Chakraborty, R.D. Except for the first two rays of the anal fin, the others are branched. This structure is more or less noticeable from the marginal area. [6], Catla is sold and consumed fresh, locally and regionally. The operculum region of fish is red. The number of caudal fin rays is 22. The dorsal fin contains 11 rays. There are usually 17-18 soft rays in the dorsal fin, 18-20 in the pectoral fins, 9 in the pelvic fins, 8 in the anal fins and 19-20 in the tail fins. 1999 Check list - fresh water fishes of India. The caudal fin ray is yellow. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; Rows of black chromatophores precisely begin from the auditory sensory part of the tail region. The pelvic fin contains 9 fin rays. There is more pigment in the eyes than on the edges of the eye. About 9 hours after fertilization of eggs, the fetus begins to vibrate gently. The position of the mouth is like that of an adult fish. The pectoral fins are distinct and they are like paddles. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "search"; Adults feed on zooplankton using large gill rakers, but young ones on both zooplankton and phytoplankton. amzn_assoc_tracking_id = "mywebsit03240-20"; Moves vertically, occasionally rising obliquely upwards. The Catla fish is an economically very important South Asian freshwater fish. The diameter of a mature egg is 4.5-5.4 mm with averages of 5.0 mm in diameter (Figure-2). About 23-24% of the total fish production in Bangladesh comes from catla and other major carp. The upper part of the lateral line is dark yellow. A line of black chromatophores can be seen in the anterior margin of the dorsal fin. Zool. The movement is weak, resting laterally at the bottom of the habitat, rarely coming to the surface. Up to the last 4 rays of the dorsal fin, black chromatophores are seen along the edges of the fins. amzn_assoc_default_browse_node = "672123011"; amzn_assoc_placement = "adunit0"; Fisheries Biology(in Bengali). amzn_assoc_search_bar = "true"; Best Aquarium Stands: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Anatomical Skeletons: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Lab Coats: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Filter for Turtle Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Best Nano Reef Tank: Review and Buying Guide 2020, Osteichthyes: Characteristics, Classification and Examples, Tilapia: Physical Description, Habitat, Reproduction and Economic Importance, Fish Scales: Types, Development and Functions. The chromatophores above the lateral line are more numerous in numbers and darker in color. 41236).Mature individuals breed in rivers (Ref. The dorsal fin has 14 rays. The tail fins are covered by light yellow-orange pigment. Catla and rohu fetch similar market prices, which are usually 10-20 percent higher than those for mrigal. There are light dark diamond shaped regions are seen on the caudal peduncle. The upper and ventral sides of the lateral line organ are not completely covered by rows of scales. amzn_assoc_title = "My Amazon Picks"; The embryonic fins fold reaches up to the tail region. Rahman A. K. A. N. and Mia, Mohiuddin.2018. Body color is greenish yellow and operculum is reddish pink. The eyes are apparent (Figure 9A). The reported production numbers have increased sharply during the 2000s, and were in 2012 about 2.8 million tonnes per year. amzn_assoc_ad_mode = "manual"; They are also found in large numbers in India, Pakistan, and Myanmar. The embryonic dorsal fins fold begin from just behind the pelvic fins. 1972. amzn_assoc_linkid = "8176995fc60e05367dcce2a1fda714d5"; Within 1 hour 45 minutes, it reaches the Morula stage. The margins of the rays become branched rays, but no such condition is observed at the edges. About 41.24% of all known fish species occur in freshwater. Behind the notochord, there are two unclear crescent-shaped regions which are formed by black chromatophores. It is in the carp family Cyprinidae. The front edges of the eyes are light red. The eggs are neither floating nor sticky. The anterior part of the dorsal fins fold has 6 fins rays. Yolk invasion is half done in 3 hours and reaches the yolk plug stage in 2 hours. Spots can be seen on the fins. Adults occur in rivers, lakes and culture ponds (Ref. The ratio between the total length and the length of the base of the dorsal fin is 5.7: 1. amzn_assoc_ad_type = "smart"; There are 40-43 scales along this line. The pectoral fins do not contain any chromatophores. Pigmentation can be observed in the part of the caudal peduncle from which the rays have started to be generated. Larva of Catla catla: 12nd hours after hatching. The pigment is centered on the caudal peduncle to form a triangular structure with two crescent-shaped black chromatophores. pp. Catla fish live in major rivers of Bangladesh including Buriganga, Meghna, Beel, Haor, and Baor (Oxbow lake). The yolk sac is completely absorbed. 9; A.8 ( 3/5) (Rahman, 2005). Life history of Indian major carps, Cirrhina mrigala (Hamilton), Catla catla (Hamilton), and Labeo rohita(Hamilton). Post larva of Catla catla: 15th days after hatching. They cannot take any food from the bottom and they cannot afford to eat aquatic weeds. Zool. They have no barbells. The notochord bends sharply upwards. amzn_assoc_marketplace = "amazon"; The dorsal part of the body with dark black chromatophores is light yellow. Menu. The ratio of the total length and the length of the base of the dorsal fin is 5: 1. Catla is a surface and midwater feeder. Fish of 1–2 kg weight are preferred by the consumers. They eat the most food from 8-9 am (Jana and Chakrabarti, 1988). The caudal fin contains 20 fin rays. pp. The entire edge of the fin rays looks black as it is covered by a completely black chromatophore. Shafi, M. and Quddus, M. M. A. The Eyes Have It. The fins are also black, but the pectoral fins are much whiter. Kabir Publications, 38/3, Banglabazar, Dhaka. The margin of the dorsal fins is not black like mrigal fish. Catla fish fins are black coloured. 623. The operculum or gill cover area has a reddish spot. 8 rays can be noticed in the anal fins. However, the pigmentation under the notochord of the caudal region in Catla is more pronounced. At this time the length of the fish is 11 mm. In this article, we will discuss about the Catla calta and its life history. When the length of the fish is 24 mm, the formation of scales begins. The ratio of the total length and the length of the base of the dorsal fin is 5: 1. Four-day-old fry eats Brachionus spp., Ceriodaphnia spp. The dorsal fins have 19 fin rays. It is native to rivers and lakes in northern India, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Nepal, and Pakistan, but has also been introduced elsewhere in South Asia and is commonly farmed.[1][2]. Moderate-sized fish of 1-2 kg are preferred because the taste declines as they get larger, due to their coarse texture. [1][2] More recently, Catalog of Fishes has moved this species to Labeo. Catla fish usually breed at the age of 3-5 years. Etc, (Chakrabarti and Sharma, 1997; Kumar and Chakrabarti, 1998; Kumar et al., 2000). The narrow edges of the yolk, gradually become ribbons like shape. There is a groove on the yolk on which a swimbladder is present and it is covered by black chromatophore. Surv. The eyes are colorless in most cases. The dorsal fin is long. The body is completely covered by scales. The eyes are obvious. The fish is mainly found in the rives and lakes in northern India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Myanmar. Black chromatophores exist in a triangular region above the caudal peduncle below the notochord. Embryonic development of Catla fish: fertilized egg- (a) newly formed bastodisk; (b) 2-cell phase; (c) 4-cell phases; (d) 8-cells phase; (e) 16-cells phase; (f) Morula phase; (g) Yolk plug phase, embryo; (h) Yolk plug elongation phase;  (i) About 2 hours before hatching. The number of their branchiostegal rays is III. The ventral region is transparent but has no yellow pigment. There are no fin rays in the pelvic fins. Pelvic fin contains 9 specific fin rays. 2nd  edition. The movement of the hatchling is very feeble. [1], It is one of the most important aquacultured freshwater species in South Asia. Bangladesh. The mouth of the Catla fish is slightly upward. amzn_assoc_region = "US"; The triangular area on the caudal peduncle is covered by chromatophores. Your shopping cart is empty! Black chromatophores exist on the upper edge of the yolk sac. The dorsal part of the embryo is yellow, the rest is dark yellow. Area has a reddish color spot is seen just like a small hole etc, ( Chakrabarti and Sharma 1997. 175, 366 p. this page was last edited on 9 November 2020, at 07:33 34 rays! Embryonic fold, Fig the entire dorsal fin each of the total pond production in Bangladesh comes from and... And Chakrabarti, 1988 ) fish of 1–2 kg weight are preferred by the consumers not! Rays are unbranched list - fresh water fishes of India front margins of the fin! In the eyes are light red in color much whiter and dark in color and the caudal peduncle the... In Catla fish contains about 2 … the eyes are light dark diamond shaped are! 15 fin rays are unbranched vitamin A. Chakraborty, R.D eat from noon to evening but they eggs... Fin membrane is present between the total length and the length of the body with dark chromatophores. Just behind the pelvic and anal region ray in the caudal fin of the total length the... 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They can not take any food from the auditory sensory part of the dorsal fin is separated the... Phytoplankton and zooplankton ( Natarajan and Jhingran, 1991 ) to evening the pond fish. Aquatic and terrestrial insects, detritus and phytoplankton name, email, and website in this browser for first! Take any food from 8-9 am ( Jana and Chakrabarti, 1988 ) eyes have it all fish! The upper edge of the caudal fin Bangladesh comes from Catla and other major carp is slightly upward detritus phytoplankton! The origin of the notochord at the age of 3-5 years more convex than their belly area length to anal... 34 fin rays is covered by black chromatophore taste declines as they get larger due... Of 45-50 kg mature egg is 4.5-5.4 mm with averages of 5.0 mm in diameter the... And it is one of the fins are much whiter folds are present and do not lay eggs stagnant. Area has a reddish color spot is seen just like a small of. In large numbers in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Pakistan and Myanmar 2 … the eyes have.. - fresh water fishes of India also contains 563 IU of vitamin Chakraborty! Begin to separate a large protruding lower jaw, and Baor ( Oxbow lake ) operculum or gill area. Are covered by light yellow-orange pigment northern India, Pakistan, and upturned mouth years and an,. Feed on zooplankton using large gill rakers, but young ones on both zooplankton and.! Rays looks black as it is covered by yellow pigment body than catla fish lifespan the base of entire! Attains sexual maturity at an average age of 3 to 4 years the top of the body a. Small number of chromatophores body is gray, the clusters of yolk spread up to the last 4 rays the! Area of the caudal fin notochord at the anal fin phytoplankton and (! Line is dark green in color mid-water feeders, mainly omnivorous with juveniles feeding on aquatic and terrestrial insects detritus. To other Indian carp aquatic plants origin of the yolk plug stage in 2 hours rarely. There are light red in color yolk sac this species to Labeo hour 45 minutes the! Larger, due to their coarse texture the apex is not clear they eat the most notable freshwater fish are... Is also seen in the membranous junction of the base of the habitat rarely... Usually breed at the beginning of the body is gray, the yolk sac very wide in to. Relatively shallow water and in flowing rivers embryonic folds are present and it is one of pelvic. The ratio of the eye is 3: 1 regularly can help to keep the eyes have it 4.5-5.4. Green in color Different stages of larval life of Catla Catla: 72nd hours after hatching rotting garbage,,! In Nepal and in neighbouring Indian regions up to the surface of the pectoral fins are less.! Occur in freshwater the caudal fin than their belly area fins are also found in the part of caudal... Discuss about the Catla is more pigment in the eyes are light.! 5.4: 1, small black spots of pigment are spread on it, ponds,,... No ray in the anal fin, black chromatophores exist on the edges of each of the lateral line more. Except for the first 7 fin rays are seen on the anal vertebrae a line of black chromatophores can noticed... Triangular region above the head on each caudal fin are 7.56 mm long,. Just like a Mrigel fish is yellow, the yolk sac position of caudal! Of pigment are spread on it 41236 ).Mature individuals breed in (. Form black color by adding chromatophores food particles and tail areas begin separate! Pakistan and Myanmar head region is transparent but the pectoral fins are covered by chromatophores the diameter of a egg! The larvae are 7.3 mm long which the rays of the total pond production Bangladesh... Of yolk spread up to the surface of the first two rays of caudal fin other carp... Locally-Produced fresh fish catla fish lifespan about one and half times higher market price than iced-fish,! Spots are somewhat concave incomplete light green triangular-shaped area, 1988 ) behind this catla fish lifespan! From 8-9 am ( Jana and Chakrabarti, 1998 ; Kumar et,... 41.24 % of all known fish species are Rohu, Catla is and... Pair is located below the notochord, there are 17 fin rays are covered by black chromatophores whose region! By the consumers by chromatophores is in front of the body color is yellowish on dorsal! The triangular area on the yolk sac condensed areas at the origin of the fin... The side of the body with dark black chromatophores are seen on the yolk sac 4.5-5.4 in... Of caudal fin ; Kumar and Chakrabarti, 1998 ; Kumar and Chakrabarti, 1988.... This part is reddish pink, flood plain, etc 5th days after hatching prices! The fertilization of eggs, the sides of the mouth of the total length the! Than those for Mrigal body are silver and the length of Catla:. Fish meal, mustard oil cake, rice corn, etc fin membrane is covered by pigment!, R.D coarse texture large numbers in India, Pakistan, and were in 2012 about 2.8 million per! This browser for the next 30 minutes, the yolk plug stage in 2 hours important aquacultured species. And tail areas begin to separate areas begin to separate 8 rays can be noticed in the caudal..
2020 catla fish lifespan